List of distilled liquors

magnus3 Marvin Glynn from Sidney asks me to give a comprehensive list of distilled liquors. Well, it won't be comprhensive, since human ingenuity is bottomless when it comes to produce liquor, but here you have a temptative list of the best known. 

Generic

- Aqua vitae, ardent spirits (strong distilled liquor or brandy)
- Aquavit, akvavit (Scandinavian liquor usually flavored with caraway seeds)
- Eau de vie (strong coarse brandy, as it comes out of the alembic)

Distilled from wine

- Brandy (distilled from wine or fermented fruit juice)
- Cognac (high quality grape brandy distilled in the Cognac region of France)
- Armagnac (dry brandy distilled in the Armagnac region in Southwestern France)

Distilled from apples

- Applejack (distilled from hard cider)
- Calvados (dry apple brandy made in Normandy)

Distilled from residue of grapes

- Grappa (Italian brandy made from residue of grapes after pressing)
- Marc  (made from residue of grapes or apples after pressing)
- Orujo (Spanish brandy made from residue of grapes after pressing)

Distilled from grain and other fruits

- Whisky, whiskey (a liquor distilled from fermented mash of grain)
- Arrack, arak (any of various strong liquors distilled from the fermented sap of toddy palms or from fermented molasses)
- Bitters (alcoholic liquor flavored with bitter herbs and roots)
- Schnapps, schnaps (any of various strong liquors especially a Dutch spirit distilled from potatoes)
- Mescal (a colorless Mexican liquor distilled from fermented juices of certain desert plants of the genus Agavaceae (especially the century plant))
- Tequila (Mexican liquor made from fermented juices of an agave plant)
- Vodka (unaged colorless liquor originating in Russia)
- Gin (strong liquor flavored with juniper berries)
- Ouzo (a Greek liquor flavored with anise)
- Rum (liquor distilled from fermented molasses) - 
- Kirsch (distilled from fermented juice of black morello cherries)
- Slivovitz (a colorless plum brandy popular in the Balkans and parts of Central Europe)

Brandy combinations (may also be concoted with VS Cognac or low-end Armagnac)

- Stinger (a cocktail made of made of creme de menthe and brandy)
- Pink lady (a cocktail made of gin and brandy with lemon juice and grenadine shaken with an egg white and ice)
- Claret cup (a punch made of claret and brandy with lemon juice and sugar and sometimes sherry or curacao and fresh fruit)
- Ratafia, ratafee (sweet liqueur made from wine and brandy flavored with plum or peach or apricot kernels and bitter almonds) I love it!

An then, of course, to please old Western movie lovers

- Firewater (any strong spirits, usually low-quality)